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Here’s an ethnographic sketch from Fūzoku gahō 風俗画報, a Tokyo-based illustrated magazine of Japanese life and customs. I don’t know why the preview pic looks so hideous. You have to click on it to see a clear view of Ainu domestic life, complete with dogs and puppies.

Artist unknown, Fuzoku Gaho no. 10 (November 10, 1889) p. 13.

I love how the adult dog on the left is absorbed into the background, incorporated as a semi-permanent fixture of the scene. The dogs are small figures, but not peripheral or extraneous. As alien and strange as mainstream Japanese journalists represented the Ainu to be, I do appreciate the close proximity they kept to their dogs. Ainu dogs may not have been allowed inside, but it seems inside/outside mattered far less than the distinction between homefront, hunting grounds, and other spaces of conquest